The word diabetes was coined by the 2nd-century A. D. Greek physician, Aretus the Cappadocian, meaning ‘the siphon’ as the condition is characterized by excessive urination.
According to the World Health Organization ( WHO ), hyperglycaemia, or raised blood sugar, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body’s systems,
Types of diabetes
According to WHO, there are three main types of diabetes:
Diabetes Type 1 – The physical body will not produce insulin at all. Called early starting point or juvenile diabetes also, the person is necessary because of it to inject insulin throughout his/her life. People suffering from this types of diabetes are extremely prone to ketoacidosis also. The cause isn’t certain and could become genetic, viral, or multifactorial.
Diabetes Type 2 – Called maturity onset also, Type 2 diabetes is a complete consequence of insulin resistance. Your body doesn’ t make enough insulin, or struggles to make use of insulin effectively.
Gestational Diabetes – A type of diabetes that evolves during pregnancy.
Diabetes Types 1 and also 2 are chronic, lifelong medical ailments. Gestational diabetes generally disappears following the birth of a kid but can later result in type 2 diabetes.
Juvenile diabetes may be either Type 1 or Type 2, and sometimes appears in adolescents or kids.
Symptoms Common symptoms of diabetes are:
* Frequent urination
* Disproportionate thirst
* Intense hunger
* Weight gain
* Unusual weight loss ( More prevalent among people who have Diabetes Type 1)
* Increased fatigue
* Blurred vision
* Cuts and bruises don’t heal correctly or quickly
* More skin and/or yeast-based infections
* Itchy skin
* Red or swollen gums
* tingling or Numbness, especially in your toes and handsDiabetes is detected by conducting an urine test typically, accompanied by a blood test.
High risk sets of diabetes
Certain people are at higher risk of getting Type 2 diabetes. High risk groups include those who: –
* Are over 55
* Have a family history of diabetes
* Are overweight or obese
* Have high blood pressure
* Had diabetes during pregnancy or gave birth to a big baby ( more than 9 pounds)
* Are Southeast Asian, afro-American, Hispanic American or Native American
* Have polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
* Have heart diseaseThere is only one way to check if you have diabetes: get your blood sugar level tested.
Diabetes related complications
Diabetes is a chronic, life-long condition that requires careful monitoring and management. Left untreated, it can lead to various complications such as for example kidney failure, coronary disease, and blindness in a few full cases. Diabetes causes about 5% of most deaths globally every year.
* Low blood glucose (hypoglycaemia)Anyone who is suffering from diabetes and needs insulin will probably face the issue of blood glucose falling too low at some time. This state is named hypoglycaemia and will be corrected by consuming something sweet quickly, like candy or basic sugar. If it’s not really corrected, hypoglycaemia can result in the individual losing consciousness.
The typical signs of hypoglycemia are:
* dizziness or light-headedness
* KetoacidosisThis is a severe condition caused by lack of insulin. It mostly affects people with type 1 diabetes. Acidic waste products called ketones are produced when the body breaks down fats. In the absence of insulin, the physical body cannot release all of the ketones and they build-up in your blood, creating ketoacidosis.
* Lactic acidosisLactic acidosis may be the build-up of lactic acid in the physical body. An excessive amount of lactic acid in your body makes many people experience ill. Otherwise, Lactic acidosis is usually a rare ailemnt. It mainly affects people with type 2 diabetes.
Boils, athlete’ s foot, sties, ring worm, and vaginal infections.
* Eye disease (retinopathy) As per statistics, while about 10% develop a serious visual impairment.
Or neuropathy, affects at least half of all people with diabetes. Common complaints are loss of sensation in the feet or in some cases the hands, pain in the foot and problems with the functioning of different parts of the physical body including the heart, the eye, the tummy, the bladder and the male organ. A lack of sensation in the hands and feet can result in patients to injure themselves without realizing it.
* Illnesses of the circulatory systemThe threat of cardiovascular disease is 2-4 situations higher in diabetes sufferers than for individuals who don’t have diabetes. It is the primary cause of death and disability for individuals with type 2 diabetes in industrialized countries.
Prevention Plus Lifestyle Modification
Experts and doctors think that since there is yet zero evidence to recommend that Type 1 diabetes can be prevented, primary prevention of type 2 diabetes is possible. Excess weight control, a balanced diet, and increased physical activity are important in the prevention of type 2 diabetes. The benefits of reducing body weight and increasing physical activity also play a role in reducing heart disease, high blood pressure, etc .
Secondary prevention involves the early detection and prevention of complications, therefore reducing the need for treatment. Regular total annual check-ups proceed a long way in timely detection of diabetes. Periodic check of blood glucose levels is normally an as will be the monitoring of blood circulation pressure and cholesterol levels need to.
Healthy eating, regular physical exercise, weight control every contribute to great cardiovascular health. Diabetics should stop smoking also.
Based on the Mayo Clinic, daily consumption of calories should contain:
* Carbohydrates 45% to 65%
* Proteins 15% to 20%
This could keep blood sugar as well as your weight ideal.
Though there is absolutely no known cure for diabetes, all sorts of diabetes are treatable. The primary treatment for a sort 1 diabetic is normally injected insulin, along with some exercise and nutritional adherence.
Should you have Type 1 and follow a healthy diet, do satisfactory workout, and take insulin, you may lead a normal lifestyle. Larry King, Halle Berry, and many popular diabetic US baseball and basketball players lead regular lives. Type 2 patients need to eat healthily, be physically active, and test their blood glucose regularly. They may also be prescribed oral medication to control blood glucose levels. Sometimes, Type 2 individuals may also require insulin injections.
Herbal Remedies for Diabetes:
Diabet Guard granules help in keeping blood sugar levels in control and help prevent problems related to diabetes and high blood sugar. Diabet Guard is definitely a completely natural formulation containing traditional ayurvedic natural herbs effective in keeping blood sugar levels in check.Stimulates the pancreas to produce insulin.In many cases Ganoderma has cured Diabetes.
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